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Threatened Mammals of Balochistan

(Red List of the Mammals of Balochistan)

Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan with diverse wild resources of species and habitats. At the same time, most of the biodiversity of the area is also not evaluated comprehensively. Wide variations in physical features and climate have produced diverse landscapes, ecosystems and habitats that are important to the national and global heritage. Much of the province remains poorly investigated. Systematic knowledge of the flora remains incomplete and a comprehensive analysis of endemicity and species distribution and abundance has not been completed. What is certain is that Balochistan is one of the most important wildlife regions of Pakistan, and contains a large number of species not found elsewhere in the country.

Balochistan has one of the largest blocks of juniper (Juniperus excelsa) forests in the world. They cover approximately 141,000 hectares. The most extensive and best - known examples are found in the Ziarat and Zarghoon valleys, which occur at elevations between 1,980 – 3,350 met res. Growing conditions are harsh. The trees are very slow growing. Consequently, these forests are believed to be among the primitive in the world. Balochistan had arid climate and was extremely deficient in forest resources, yet it had a precious natural heritage of flora and fauna. Unfortunately the value of these resources was not properly understood, and their economic potential was not being harvested for social and economic benefits. There are very important and unique habitats which includes

1. Takhat-e- Suleman
2. Shingar
3. Juniper forests: Ziarat, Zargoon, and Harboi
4. Panjgoor
5. Koh-Suleman
6. Musa Khel Valley

And some Important Species of Commercial value includes

1. Isabgol - Important habitats include Durk (Musa Khel), and Kharan
2. Kala Zeera
3. Gao Zuban - Important habitat includes Zargoon

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© 2004 IUCN Pakistan, Balochistan Programme
Developed by Knowledge Management Programme, IUCN Pakistan